Since the recent past, people have become cautious of the diets they rely on and feed on. This has been due to the rising fatalities attributed to excessive weight gain. A keto diet is a low carbohydrate diet that triggers the body to burn fats. The diet has been proven to possess several benefits including health nourishment, weight loss, and general body performance. While most people do not know what is a keto diet research studies have revealed that most people feed on these foods without realizing that they constitute a keto diet. Here is a beginner’s guide to these diets:
What to eat:
Certain foods form the basis of a keto diet. These foods are designed to provide the body with the necessary ingredients while depriving it of energy giving nutrients. The net carbs and fats in these foods are maintained at the minimum possible level. These foods include leafy vegetables, natural fats like olive oil & butter, fish and seafood, meat and all types of non-starch vegetables. Avoid eating high-carb foods such as conventional dairy products, processed foods, and desserts among other foods with high-carb amounts.
What to drink
Ideally, the best drinks to take when relying on a keto diet are those that do not contain any sweeteners. These drinks are such as water, tea, coffee, cream and a limited quantity of milk. Occasionally, you can take a glass of wine to quench your thirst. However, do not over-indulge in milk, beer or wine as these drinks can contain considerable amounts of carbohydrates.
Healthy fats do not contain zero net carbs or very little if any. The healthy fats to include in a keto diet are such as saturated fats, certain types of PUFAs (Polyunsaturated Fats) such as omega-3 fats and monosaturated fats. Cold-pressed coconut, MCT oil, flaxseed, palm fruit, avocado and macadamia oils are also great choices of healthy fats to use in your keto diet.
Common side effects of keto diets
When you start eating keto, you should expect to experience a few changes in the body before your digestion system becomes accustomed to this diet. These side effects may include:
Cramps are common when introducing the body to a ketogenic diet. These cramps mostly occur in the early mornings and evenings. However, they are usually not severe and can even go unnoticed. Cramps are usually an indication of lack of minerals particularly magnesium. To cure these cramps, ensure that you put enough salt in your food. This helps in reducing the loss of magnesium thereby curing the cramps.
Constipation when eating a keto diet comes about due to dehydration. The best way to remove constipation is by increasing your water intake and eating vegetables with a high fiber count. Drink not less than a gallon of water every day. If water does not seem to provide you with a solution, you can consider taking psyllium husk powder or taking probiotics.
There are also other mild side effects of keto diets that may include reduced physical performance, increased cholesterol, indigestion, keto rash and gallstones among other side effects. However, it is worth noting that these side effects disappear with time as the body becomes used to the keto diet.